Romantic Love: How the Brain Works
There are two primary expressions of love: intimate love and interpersonal love. Intimate love is a romantic relationship involving two people. It usually involves physical intimacy, passion, commitment, and emotional intimacy. It normally involves caring, intimacy, trust, affection, loyalty, and attachment. Intimate love can range from mild to vigorous; however, it does vary greatly throughout the spectrum.
Romantic love can occur in various forms. There are several important factors that affect this experience. These factors include: biological predisposition, socialization, sexual orientation, personality, emotional development, neurological processes, brain regions, social learning, neurological processes, and relationship style. Although everyone is different, there are certain aspects that most people share in common. The brain regions that support love and attachment are most likely to be found in the left and right brain regions.
Romantic love typically involves two people in a committed relationship who share deep feelings for another person. Although one or both partners may show signs of being possessive and overly attached to the other person, these feelings are not deep enough to have substance. Instead, most relationships develop out of a desire to connect with someone, to belong to a group, to have security, or to enjoy some form of intimacy. These feelings do not often evolve into an enduring commitment or long-term relationship. Most relationships end in marriage because the couple has not been able to establish a clear and ongoing connection.
Attraction is the basis for all relationships, whether they are romantic or platonic. Many people have the concept of love and attraction on a subconscious level. This may explain why some people fall in love at first sight while others remain single. The difference between a quick attraction and a more enduring attraction is based on how the individual perceives love and attraction.
People who have a very clear idea of love and affection have vivid memories of loving behaviors and experiences. They might say they “feel” things when they are in love or have vivid ways of describing their feelings. They have also studied the neuroscience of love and believe that certain parts of the brain area responsible for romantic love are located in the left and right brain. Individuals with these traits also tend to have high levels of confidence. However, there are some personality characteristics associated with those who have romantic love.
People who are involved in a romantic relationship for a good period of time usually have developed a sense of security and familiarity with their partner. As the relationship continues, these individuals grow apart but maintain feelings of completeness and attraction for the other person. Their thoughts turn to security and familiarity, especially if they remain single. Eventually, these individuals can no longer attract those with whom they have romantic relationships. They need to feel the same things for their partners that they did when they were first involved.